With print and ad revenue continuing to fall in value, digital publishers have been looking for new ways to monetize their content.

For this reason, paywall and subscription strategies have been growing in popularity over recent years, allowing content producers to establish a predictable and recurring revenue stream with their users.

In this article we look at some of the best examples of publishers employing a paywall in 2022, analyzing the type of paywall strategy used and how they've made this strategy a success.


🙋‍♂️ What is a Paywall?

A paywall is employed on digital publisher's website to block content and ask users to pay to subscribe in order to gain access.

🙋‍♂️ What are the different types of paywalls?

There are 4 central paywall types but plenty of hybrid examples are starting to emerge.

  • Hard paywall

The toughest paywall strategy where users are blocked completely from all content unless they pay to subscribe. Think the Financial Times.

  • Metered paywall

These paywalls allow readers to access a limited number of articles before being blocked - for instance 2 articles for free and then the paywall blocks the third article.

  • Freemium paywall

A freemium strategy means content is divided into free and premium, with free being open access to all users whilst premium content is blocked by a paywall and reserved for subscribers.

  • Dynamic paywall

This is arguably the most effective paywall as it adapts to the user based on their context or profile, such as their engagement level, location or device used. This often involves the use of other walls to increase engagement prior to the paywall, such as a registration wall (requiring account creation) or a newsletter wall (asks for newsletter subscription to pass through).

Find out more about what a paywall is and how it's beneficial to publishers in our other article:

What is a Paywall? - Definition and Paywall Examples
Paywalls help monetize your audience and increase ARPU. But, what exactly is a paywall? What are the different types? How can it benefit your business?

Best Paywalls from News Publishers and Magazines

The New York Times

Dynamic paywall: users are first blocked by a registration wall (requiring them to create a free account to get past), allowing them access to one article, before a paywall appears on the second article.

The American publisher, The New York Times, is well known for being one of the first to employ a paywall strategy (way back in 2010), severely limiting access to content without paying for a subscription.

The registration wall blocks a user on the first article accessed, asking them to create a free account. This allows the NYT to collect a user's email address and encourage them to sign up to the publisher's newsletter with the goal of increasing engagement.

The New York Times Paywall Example
The New York Times Registration Wall

This is then followed by a paywall blocking the second article. The user can't even scroll down the page as the paywall blocks the entire content.

The New York Times Paywall Example
The New York Times Paywall

Analysis of the New York Times paywall:

✅  Registration wall increases engagement and allows for collection of email addresses (reader ID)

✅  Both walls are 'sticky' meaning they don't allow for scrolling. This results in a high paywall visibility rate

✅  The registration form is integrated into the wall itself (reducing a step in the funnel) and requires very little information from the user (making it easy to complete)

❌  Users are limited to just one free article (by registering) which allows for a very limited content discovery

Financial Times

Hard paywall: no content can be accessed on the FT site without purchasing a subscription

Covering financial news in the UK and internationally, FT are renowned for their extremely hard, but hugely successful, paywall strategy. With over 1.1 million digital subscribers they've cracked reader revenue, partly thanks to their niche topic focus and monopoly of their market but equally due to their hard paywall.

Once a user clicks on an article that they want to read, they're faced with the full-page wall blocking the entirety of the article.

Financial Times Paywall
Financial Times Paywall

Analysis of the Financial Times paywall:

✅  High visibility rate thanks to the hard paywall strategy, which works well for a niche topic focus

✅   Subscription offers are included on the wall itself to reduce a step in the conversion funnel

✅   Clear value proposition

❌  Doesn't allow for content discovery (proof of concept)

Harvard Business Review

Metered registration wall & paywall: readers are able to access 2 or 3 articles for freely before being blocked by a registration wall. They then have access to another 2 articles before being stopped by the paywall.

The Harvard Business Review approach employs two steps: registration followed by subscription, allowing for users to discover the publisher's content for free.

First, the metered registration wall. To keep user's informed of the HBR strategy and to reduce frustration when faced with the wall, a banner at the bottom of the screen tells them how many articles they have left.

Harvard Business Review paywall
Harvard Business Review Registration Wall Banner
Harvard Business Review Paywall
Harvard Business Review Registration Wall

Followed by the metered paywall.

Harvard Business Review Paywall
Harvard Business Review Paywall

✅  Registration alongside a metered approach (allowing for content discovery) increases engagement, whilst the metered paywall banner also reduces wall frustration, working nicely together to increase propensity to subscribe

✅  Account creation allows HBR to collect first party data and custom reader IDs

✅  The paywall is personalized with the already registered user's name and clearly outlines the value proposition (subscribe for unlimited access)

❌  The metered wall resets every month, so users can return every month to access more articles. This wall is also fairly easily bypassed by using incognito mode


Freemium paywall: content is divided into free and premium, with the latter being marked with a yellow tag and blocked by a paywall

The French digital magazine allows non-subscribed users access to a large percentage of their content but reserves certain articles for paying premium users. In order to reduce wall frustration, ELLE mark their premium content with a yellow badge, informing users that they'll be blocked by a paywall.

ELLE Paywall

Upon clicking on a premium article, a paywall blocks the content after a few paragraphs, allowing the user to engage in the text before being denied access.

ELLE Paywall
ELLE Paywall

The publisher also regularly changes their wall (based on seasons, sales and national holidays) to reduce habituation.

ELLE Paywall
ELLE Paywall

✅  The freemium approach allows for proof of concept whilst highlighting the value in ELLE's content

✅  The publisher's value proposition and benefits of subscription are clearly marked out on the paywall, with a bold CTA button

✅  A constantly improved and updated wall to increase conversion rates

❌  Users can access content without paying (which can be a good thing) and paywall visibility will likely be lower than than of FT or the NYT

ELLE's paywall strategy is employed thanks to Poool's Audience Conversion Platform solution! Their marketing team have had complete autonomy to configure, build, launch and drive their paywall with ease via the Poool Dashboard, including designing the wall itself with our new no code design builder.

Check out their success story here!

We also offer a free demo and ROI calculation so you can discover the value of a paywall for your company! Just book a meeting with our team here.  

The Economist

Hard paywall: users can freely browse content but are blocked midway through their first article.

Although users are able to discover the entirety of The Economist's content on their site, they're blocked after a few paragraphs on their first article accessed. This has clearly been a success for the British publisher as they currently stand in the top 10 paid news subscription websites.

Users can actually access a decent part of the article freely but the block is hard and stops readers in their tracks.

The Economist Paywall
The Economist Paywall

✅  Clear benefits of subscription and trust is built through highlighting that users can cancel subscription at any time as well as with the inclusion of the NewsGuard mark

✅  Bold paywall that fits with the publisher's house style

✅  The hard paywall approach increases conversion rates but The Economist equally allows for content discovery and proof of concept through leaving the initial 2 paragraphs unblocked

❌  Lower paywall visibility rate due to the reader needing to scroll down the page to see the wall

Best Paywalls from VOD Websites


Hard paywall: users can't even browse Netflix's content without being blocked by their paywall - in fact the wall is on the landing page itself.

It's often forgotten than paywalls can be employed successfully by producers of other types of content aside from written news articles. VOD (video on demand) sites, such as Netflix, HBO and Disney+, commonly employ hard paywalls to entirely block users from their content unless they pay for a subscription package.

This strategy has worked extremely well for Netflix who now have over 214 million subscribers.

Netflix Paywall
Netflix Paywall

✅  Extremely clear value proposition and reassurance (cancel anytime) as well as images in the background that are updated with the latest releases

✅  Email address collection as the first step to gather this key data point as a priority  

❌  No way of discovering content prior to subscribing, however Netflix now dominates the market and you can easily find out what content they offer via other sites

Disney Plus

Hard Paywall: Just like Netflix, the paywall blocks directly on the landing page.

Although employing the same paywall type, Disney differs to Netflix by integrating the subscription offers into their wall instead of email collection. Again, this reduces a step in the conversion funnel and facilitates the subscription process.

Disney Plus Paywall
Disney Plus Paywall

✅  Well communicated value proposition, supported by images of logos in the background to demonstrate the range of content available on Disney+

✅ Bold CTA buttons and emphasis on 'Save' which encourages longer commitment to subscription

❌ Again, we can't browse content prior to subscribing, but the images show a lot of value despite this

❌ Unlike Netflix, they don't collect email addresses before showing subscription offers, meaning Disney can't send email promotions/campaigns to users who decided not to subscribe


Freemium paywall: content is divided between free and premium, with their subscription offer lying under the name of Canal+.

On the French VOD and TV-replay website, Canal, we're able to browse through content freely. Some content, particularly some of the shorter sports clips or TV shows, are unblocked and free to access. However, upon clicking on the premium content, we're invited to discover Canal's subscription offers.

Canal+ Paywall
Canal+ Paywall

By allowing users to discover content and not presenting the paywall until they've been persuaded to start watching, Canal successful engages their audience prior to showing the paywall meaning they'll be highly more likely to subscribe.

Canal+ Paywall
Canal+ Paywall

✅ Proof of concept and content discovery which increase engagement to boost conversion rates

✅ Personalized wall based on the content that the user wishes to watch (here, 'Interested in watching 1917?)

❌ The CTA button opens another page and requires extra clicks - this could perhaps be improved by integrating part of the conversion funnel into the wall itself

❌ It's not always clear which content is premium until the user clicks on it. This can increase paywall frustration

Discover more about paywalls for VOD and video streaming sites in our other article:

Paywalls for VOD and Video Streaming Websites
Paywalls are for any online content producer: monetize, collect first-party data and more.

Best Paywalls from Elearning Platforms

Rosetta Stone

Hard paywall: the paywall is on the landing page itself but is framed rather differently than 'Subscribe now'. By clicking 'Dive in', we're offered a free trial of their offers and encouraged to create an account.

The language learning platform gets straight to the point by placing their paywall on the landing page. However, they cleverly offer a free trial as their proof of concept. This allows users to discover content and be persuaded by the value that Rosetta Stone provides, whilst the company can collect key data points from the user to inform their strategy and provide a personalized experience.

The value proposition is extremely clear and the 'Dive in' button makes us think that access is completely free.

Rosetta Stone Paywall
Rosetta Stone Paywall
Rosetta Stone Paywall
Rosetta Stone Paywall

✅ Rosetta Stone build trust with users by including their 4.7 star reviews, awards and logos of well-recognized companies on this landing page below the paywall

✅ The CTA button that the company want users to click on is highlighted the most, clearly standing out on the page

✅ Key data points can be collected by offering a free trial, even if the user unsubscribes before the trial finishes

❌  Despite the value proposition being clear, there is little proof of what they offer in terms of languages, types of lessons, etc


Hard Paywall: their paywall is on the landing page alongside a great deal of information about what content MasterClass provides.

This e-learning site includes lessons from some of the 'most inspiring artists, leaders and icons in the world'. Their value proposition is clearly communicated on the landing page, with 'trailers' that present the type of content available to subscribers.

MasterClass have cleverly included email collection on the paywall itself, reducing a step in the funnel and gathering this important data point as a priority. We're also able to browse all the famous people who provide content for their site via the 'Categories' menu bar which provides some proof of concept.

MasterClass Paywall
MasterClass Paywall

If we scroll down the page, there's plenty of information to persuade us to subscribe as well as a banner pop-up that provides easy access to signing up.

MasterClass Paywall
MasterClass Paywall

✅ Well communicated value proposition and proof of concept

✅ Email collection early on in the conversion funnel

❌  They don't offer a free trial to experience content

❌  We also can't provide our data through an existing social account, such as Google or Facebook, which would benefit both MasterClass (more data) and the user (easier to sign up)

Discover more about paywalls for E-learning platforms and online courses in our other blog post:

Paywalls for E-learning Platforms and Online Courses
Paywalls are for any online content producer: monetize, collect first-party data and more.

In need of a simple but effective solution to get your paywall strategy on the road to success? Well, Poool's here for you!

Our Dashboard puts your marketing team back in control to drive your strategy forever, without ever having to call on the tech team for support. Segment your audience, build user journeys for each using our ready-made but fully personalizable wall options, carry out endless A/B tests with ease, analyze results and make changes in minutes.

👉 Tech integration in a matter of days

👉 Launch in less than a month

👉  ROI in under 90 days

Interested in finding out how Poool can help you become data-driven, solve the challenge of the cookieless future and increase your ARPU? Book a free demo and discover the Dashboard for yourself!